The history of Latin music and dance which became popular throughout Europe and the Americas in the 20th century dates back to the 18th century. However, in Cuba these musics underwent a transformation in the 19th century which made them unique and although there may have been contributions from other parts of the Caribbean, Cuba is seen as its birth place.
Dance with me , make me sweat , I can hear the sound of violin….
TANGO go tan
Tango (the dance with the stop “Baille Con Carte”) is one of the most fascinating of all dances. Originating in Spain or Morocco, the Tango was introduced to the New World by the Spanish settlers, eventually coming back to Spain with Black and Creole influences.
In the early 19th Century, the Tango was a solo dance performed by the woman. The Andalusian Tango was later done by one or two couples walking together using castanets. The dance was soon considered immoral with its flirting music!
Ballroom Tango originated in the lower class of Buenos Aires, especially in the “Bario de las Ranas”. Clothing was dictated by full skirts for the woman and gauchos with high boots and spurs for the man.
The story of Tango as told is that it started with the gauchos of Argentina. They wore chaps that had hardened from the foam and sweat of the horses body. Hence to gauchos walked with knees flexed. They would go to the crowded night clubs and ask the local girls to dance. Since the gaucho hadn’t showered, the lady would dance in the crook of the man’s right arm, holding her head back. Her right hand was held low on his left hip, close to his pocket, looking for a payment for dancing with him. The man danced in a curving fashion because the floor was small with round tables, so he danced around and between them.
The dance spread throughout Europe in the 1900’s. Originally popularized in New York in the winter of 1910 – 1911, Rudolph Valentino then made the Tango a hit in 1921.
As time elapsed and the music became more subdued, the dance was finally considered respectable even in Argentina.
Tango is easy !
- Rhythm is slow-slow, an easy walking pace .
- Tango is stylish
- A smooth , flowing , almost cat-like walk . Add some variety to your dancing as you become comfortable with the music and your partner .
- Learned to walk ! Women add them between steps . Man add them to steps
- If you firm up your embrace your partner will follow along with you .
- If you loosen your embrace she will keep to the basic slow-slow rhythm.
- Tango can be challenging .
- Tango is not in the feet . It is in the heart .
- El tango no esta en los pies . Esta en el corazon
- mmmmmm :0)
The Twist is performed by standing with the feet approximately shoulder width apart. The torso may be squared to the knees and hips, or turned at an angle so one foot farther forward than the other. The arms are held out from the body, bent at the elbow. The hips, torso, and legs rotate on the balls of the feet as a single unit, with the arms staying more or less stationary. The feet grind back and forth on the floor, and the dance can be varied in speed, intensity, and vertical height as necessary. Occasionally one leg is lifted off the floor for styling, but generally the dance posture is low and with the feet in contact with the floor with very little vertical motion.
The Twist’s original inspiration came from the African American plantation dance called “wringin’ and twistin,” which has been traced back to the 1890s. However, its original aesthetic origins, such as the use of pelvic movement and the shuffling footmovement, can be traced all the way back to West Africa. Throughout the 20th Century, the dance evolved until emerging to a mass audience in the 60s.
In 1959 American DJ and host of American Bandstand Dick Clark featured the dance. Clark urged Philadelphia record label Cameo/Parkway to release their own version of “The Twist.” Chubby Checker, who until 1960 had only one hit (“The Class” in 1959), cut the song. Released in summer 1960, Checker’s rendition of “The Twist” became number one on the singles chart in the USA in 1960 and then again in 1962. ….
ROCK AND ROLL
Prima înregistrare a unei piese Rock and Roll aparţine lui Jackie Brenston şi grupul “Delta Cats”, mai exact celebrul Ike Turner şi trupa sa “The Kings of Rhythm”, cu ajutorul lui Sam Phillips] şi “Sun Studio”. Abia peste 4 ani Bill Haley înregistreazā “Rock Around The Clock”. Aceastā piesā este deseori confundatā ca fiind prima din acest gen. Istoria rock’n roll-ului poate merge şi mai departe în timp, unde pot fi gasite primele aşa zise încercāri. Etimologia cuvântului ne duce mai departe în timp, chiar undeva prin 1916 când termenul “rocking and rolling” avea conotaţii religioase. În etimologia limbi engleze cuvantul rock însemna a distruge, a deranja, a incita. De aici probabil lui Alan Freed i-a venit şi ideea sā denumeasca aşa acest gen, având în vedere reacţia celor ce-l ascultau. Expresia “rockin” mai era folositā şi de cântareţii gospel, de culoare.
Mai trebuie spus că Elvis Presley n-a prea avut legătura cu naşterea acestui gen muzical, el dezvoltând la începutul anilor 1950 mai degrabă o ramură a acestuia: hillbilly si puţin rockabilly. În general piesele interpretate de Elvis nu au avut o structură bine definită pentru a le integra perfect în rock and roll, însă ineditul adus de el în interpretarea acestor piese, în orchestrarea lor şi având în vedere accepţiunea destul de îngusta a publicului larg, au dus la “etichetarea” simplistă de rock’n roll a genului interpretat de Presley. În fapt Elvis a ieşit dintr-un tipar care nu avea cum sa aducă nimic nou sau bun. Rock’n roll-ul la acea vreme, aşa cum era el, inducea monotonia genului din care s-a dezvoltat direct : rhythm and blues. Elvis a înlocuit aproape instantaneu rock’n roll-ul cu un gen muzical ce-i aparţinea, ce-i dădea mult mai multă libertate de expresie ca şi armonie, ca şi mesaj şi orchestraţie. Elvis practic a deschis un drum care a ajutat muzica şi pe muzicieni să creeze. Muzica rock de astăzi îi datorează enorm lui Elvis, care conştient sau nu, a fost unul din pionierii genului.
Some specific forms of country dance, such as English Country Dance, refer to specific folk dances. The term “country dance” first appeared in the 16th century, before any of the above-mentioned dances paragraph came into existence.
Ballet is a formalised form of dance with its origins in the Italian Renaissance court, further developed in France and Russia as a concert dance form. It is a highly technical form of dance with its own vocabulary. It has been influential as a form of dance globally and is taught in ballet schools around the world. Ballet dance works (ballets) are choreographed, and … include mime, acting, and are set to music (usually orchestral but occasionally vocal). It is best known in the form of classical ballet, notable for its techniques, such as pointe work, turn-out of the legs; its graceful, flowing, precise movements; and its ethereal qualities. Later developments include neoclassical ballet and contemporary ballet.